Home > firefox os > Firefox vs Chrome App APIs How do the API’s compare ?

Firefox vs Chrome App APIs How do the API’s compare ?

When porting a chrome packaged app to a firefox packaged app you will need to do an inventory as to which chrome specific api’s you are using and create a level of abstraction around them, as the naming / capabilities of the apis vary across the platforms.

I will try to break this article into information on  which apis are supported across both platforms, where you can find docs, and lastly which apis have no commonality across both platforms (Firefox or Chrome).

Web APIs in Common:

The Web APIs that share commonality in function between the two platforms, are listed below:

Firefox OS:
alarm, getUserMedia(audio), Bluetooth, Device Storage API, navigator.id API, Idle API, Geolocation API, Web Notifications, Permissions API, Battery Status API, Simple Push API, TCP Socket API, Pointer Lock API, Power Management API, ContextMenus

Chrome:
alarms, audio, bluetooth, events ,fileSystem, identity, idle, location, mediaGalleries, notifications, permissions, power, pushMessaging, socket, (Battery Status in Beta), contextMenus

List of Chrome’s HTML5 apis: http://developer.chrome.com/apps/api_other.html

The difficulty for the developer will be in writing an app that can handle both browsers elegantly.  This is already done in many cases with the use of W3C compliant API’s such as geolocation data.(navigator.geolocation, which is also supported under google chrome, just not listed as such in their packaged apps documentation (ack), and soon to be battery status.  But for the majority the function calls are different as well as the data being returned.

Basically this is a bit of a cluster bug until W3C steps in these APIs aren’t close enough to easily describe all the differences in one document.  The best case scenario is if you are only using a subset of the above APIs and you manually code an abstraction layer, or use an intervening javascript framework like phonegap which would make the interfaces of less consequence to the developer.

The other part of the discussion could revolve around which Firefox OS API’s are not yet implemented in Chrome OS. How close are all the APIs to standardization ?

WebFM API, Vibration API,  Camera API, Power Management API, Proximity API, Time/Clock API, Ambient Light Sensor API, Device Orientation API, Screen Orientation APIWeb Activities,

Chrome OS similarly has a set of APIs which are not implemented in Firefox OS:

app.window = a concept not supported in firefox, generally gives the ability to maximize, minimize, change window size..etc

app.runtime = a concept not supported in firefox, basically used to notify when the app has been restarted

i18n = internationalization API.

serial= An API that allows you to read contents of the serial port.

runtime = API to retrieve the background page, return details about the manifest, and listen for and respond to events in the app or extension lifecycle.

system.cpu, system.display, system.memory , system.storage = There are mechanisms to get some of these stats, but not all of them in firefox os.

tts: Text To Speech API

usb: An API that allows you to access USB based devices

The APIs that I would personally like to see implemented are around internationalization, serial, usb. I believe if there are to be different types of devices / targets out there it will be helpful for end devices to be able to read / write to serial /usb.  This could enable a suite of new types of devices / functionality we don’t really expect.

I think HTML5 definitely needs to think about how to support background processes, I am unsure what mechanism that may be in the future.

The take away from this article would be to experiment / deploy as you write your apps, and definitely make sure you have a level of abstraction around APIs that are not standardized through the W3C, as they may change, and your app will likely have to change as a result.

  1. Wes
    October 14, 2013 at 7:35 pm
    • October 14, 2013 at 11:34 pm

      Updated my doc, thanks for the input, I hadn’t worked with that api as of yet.

  2. October 15, 2013 at 12:30 pm

    “The features of the API …” -> “The API’s features …” (possessive)

    “There were three APIs …” (plural)

    Correct: List of Chrome’s HTML5 apis (on both counts!)
    Incorrect: Firefox vs Chrome App API’s How do the API’s compare ? (and throughout)

    Otherwise – nice comparison. :) Thanks for the write-up!

    • October 16, 2013 at 4:13 pm

      lol thanks for the grammar lesson :) I will try to improve, but I did absolutely abhor grammar in my younger days. If you could give me feedback on future posts that would be tres awesome!

  3. October 16, 2013 at 3:30 pm

    Here’s a neat project that utilizes Chrome USB/Serial APIs for connecting the editor to the device: http://www.espruino.com/
    The developer expressed interest (after talking to him during the kickstarter campaign: http://www.kickstarter.com/projects/48651611/espruino-javascript-for-things) in releasing an editor that works with Firefox when it supports Chrome’s APIs – that won’t happen, though, but similar APIs can be introduced in Firefox (at least for extensions).
    The WebUSB work is unfortunately in hiatus at the moment, and it would not (AFAIK) provide access to a serial port which the Espruino editor requires.
    I’d really like to have an alternative to Chrome for developing with this platform, so here’s to hoping Firefox will introduce APIs that extensions can use to connect to arbitrary hardware (via USB/Serial/whatever). I wanted to file a bug about that since a few weeks …

  1. No trackbacks yet.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

Join 78 other followers

%d bloggers like this: